Mexico flag

Map of Mexico

General Overview


113,724,226 (July 2011 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity):

US $1.56 trillion (2010 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP):

US $13,800 (2010 est.)

GDP (real growth rate):

5% (2010 est.)


  • Food and beverages
  • Tobacco
  • Chemicals
  • Iron and steel
  • Petroleum
  • Mining
  • Textiles
  • Clothing
  • Motor vehicles
  • Consumer durables
  • Tourism


$306 billion (2010 est.)

Import commodities:

  • Metalworking machines
  • Steel mill products
  • Agricultural machinery
  • Electrical equipment
  • Car parts for assembly
  • Repair parts for motor vehicles
  • Aircraft and aircraft parts


US $303 billion (2010 est.)

Export commodities:

  • Manufactured goods
  • Oil and oil products
  • Silver
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Coffee
  • Cotton

Alberta's exports to Mexico:

CAN $743.8 million (2010)

Alberta's main exports to Mexico:

  • Canola
  • Parts of boring or sinking machinery
  • Beef
  • Wheat
  • Polyethylene
  • Sulphur
  • Ethylene glycol
  • Polymers of ethylene
  • Polyethylene
  • Wood pulp
  • Malt
  • Non-stainless steel bars and rods
  • Barley
  • Guts, bladders and stomachs of animals
  • Pork
  • Sugar

Canada's main exports to Mexico:

  • Canola
  • Motor vehicles and parts
  • Wheat
  • Parts of boring or sinking machinery
  • Coal
  • Non-stainless steel bars and rods
  • Aluminum
  • Beef

Information about Mexico

CIA World Factbook
Detailed information about Mexico's economy, political system and history.
Energy Information Association
Energy profile for Mexico.

Export statistics

Alberta's International Trade Review
An analysis of Alberta's international exports of goods and services. Published by Alberta International and Intergovernmental Relations.
Trade Data Online
Customized reports on Canada's trade with over 200 countries.

Alberta-Mexico relations

Alberta has a long history of cooperation with Mexico, particularly in the areas of energy, agriculture, and education. Mexico is Alberta's fastest growing export market under NAFTA and is the province's fourth largest trading partner. Alberta is Canada's second largest exporter of goods and services to Mexico, and accounts for a quarter of all such exports.

World Relations
A summary of Alberta's relationship with Mexico.

Sector opportunities for Alberta businesses interested in exporting their products

  • Agrifood: Beef, pork, wheat and canola seed continue to be an opportunity for Alberta businesses, particularly in the higher income areas. There are many factors influencing the growth of processed and convenience foods, such as better economic conditions, more women in the workforce, and long work days for employees. Some employees in or near Mexico City can spend up to four hours a day in travel time to and from work.

  • Energy: The petroleum industry is the most valuable sector of Mexico's economy, for the contribution it makes to the national treasury. Petr—leos Mexicanos, or Pemex, Mexico's state petroleum company, is responsible for about one-third of Mexican government revenues.

  • Environmental products and services: Environmental investment forecasts to the year 2025 indicate that Mexico needs to invest nearly $5 billion USD to modernize irrigation and improve water and wastewater treatment systems.

  • Water and wastewater treatment: Mexico has a low percentage of municipal wastewater treatment systems. Over 150 projects were approved in 2005 in order for municipalities to comply with new standards. Municipalities always tender their projects through public biddings in which price is the deciding factor. New laws are encouraging companies to adhere to water pollution standards. Those discharging more than 1.2 tons a day of BDO are required to treat their waters and many do not have the infrastructure to comply.

  • Solid and hazardous waste: The federal government is responsible for regulating hazardous wastes, including bio-hazardous waste, Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCBs), as well as soil remediation. State and/or local governments are responsible for managing and regulating non-hazardous wastes, both municipal and industrial. Less than half of municipal solid waste and hazardous waste receives proper handling, confinement and/or treatment. The U.S./Mexico border regions and large metropolitan areas offer the best opportunities for companies specializing in solid and hazardous waste treatment as border region projects benefit from funds made available from the North American Development Bank. Federal and state authorities have been putting pressure on municipalities to modernize their capabilities through controlled disposal sites, waste reduction and more efficient waste collection services. Opportunities exist on landfill construction, close dump field, site remediation, waste to energy, recycle of plastics, glass tire recycling, biogas generation and hazardous materials transport and confinement.

  • Industrial environmental opportunities: The industrial sector offers current and longer-term opportunities. Demand for environmental purchases is driven primarily by economics and, to a far lesser extent, social engineering. Large multinationals operating in Mexico are usually compliant with regulations, and in many cases, go beyond it by adhering to international standards such as ISO 14000. Medium-sized and large Mexican-owned companies, which until recently had not developed an important environmental consciousness, have begun to invest in new, cleaner technologies.

  • Environmental consulting services and geomatics: Improved enforcement by Mexico's Environmental Protection Agency (PROFEPA) and local authorities is creating opportunities for companies with specialized technologies, services and equipment aimed at ensuring proper disposal and treatment of hazardous waste. Improved compliance within the industry (both voluntary and mandatory) has resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of environmental consulting services and geomatics opportunities, (environmental audits, risk assessments, feasibility studies, and environmental impact assessments, etc.).

Services for exporters

Canada Business
Online tool for new and experienced exporters.
The Canadian Commercial Corporation
Crown corporation that promotes and facilitates international trade on behalf of Canadian industry.
Export Alert!
A resource for exporters to learn about changes in foreign export regulations.
Export resources
Resources for both new and experienced exporters.
International Trade Canada
Sector reports as well as a list of staff contacts that can assist exporters.

Services in Mexico