Trucking

Trucking can be used in Alberta to make door to door deliveries or in conjunction with intermodal terminals in Edmonton, Calgary or Butte, Montana.

Full load shipments between Alberta and California generally take from 48 to 72 hours for door-to-door pickup and delivery.

Overnight or second day delivery is possible for northern California, Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana.

The East-West flow of goods is handled by established national firms. The growing North-South trade has been handled by expanding U.S. networks. Flexible service to small communities is provided by independent truckers, either singly or in cooperative associations. There are also a variety of freight forwarders and couriers for small or irregular shipments.

Trucking Industry in Canada

It is estimated that over 90% of all consumer products and foodstuffs are shipped by truck in Canada.

Real GDP in the for-hire trucking industry is valued at $17 billion, but its impact on our economy is estimated at $65-billion overall based on benefits to the economy through sales, jobs and taxes generated by firms and sole proprietors operating in the trucking sector. 

Canadian for-hire carriers move over 225 billion tonne-kilometres of freight and over 80% os this is shipped intra-provincially.

Approximately 95% of trucking companies are commercial carriers available for hire. The remaining 500 carriers are private firms, generally handling the trucking needs of large companies who find providing their own transportation cost effective.

A further 40,000 independent owner-operators contract services to private carriers.

In addition to commercial orientation, trucking companies are sub-classified according to where they operate:

  • Intraprovincial – operate within the confines of any one province
  • Interprovincial – operate between two or more provinces
  • Extraprovincial – operate between Canada, the United States or Mexico

Trucking firms are also differentiated according to:

  • Type of service, including truckload (TL) or less-than-truckload (LTL) shipments
  • Freight handled, such as general merchandise, dry or liquid bulk
  • Use of specific equipment to handle particular commodities or specialized markets, including general purpose trailers, reefers, flat-decks, tankers and hoppers
  • Organization size

To learn more about Canada’s trucking industry, visit the Canadian Trucking Alliance.