Climate and geography
Alberta’s climate and geography are as diverse as Alberta’s people.
Alberta has four distinct seasons, from mild summers to snowy winters. Alberta is ranked number one by Environment Canada for having the most comfortable overall weather in Canada. Visit the Environment Canada website to see what the weather is like in Alberta is right now.
In summer, daytime highs are normally in the 20 to 25 degrees Celsius (68 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit) range but can reach the mid to upper 30s. Normal low nighttime temperatures in the driest and coldest winter months, January and February, range from -15 to -25 degrees Celsius (five to -13 degrees Fahrenheit), while daytime temperatures range from -5 to -15. However, winter temperatures can drop as low as -30 to -40 degrees Celsius (-22 to -40 degrees Fahrenheit) for short periods of time.
Alberta enjoys the highest number of sunny days in Canada — more than 2,300 hours of sunshine each year. Even in winter the sky is often clear as the sun shines brightly on the sparkling snow. In June, daylight hours can reach 16 to 18 hours per day.
Alberta is the fourth largest province in Canada, covering an area of 661,000 square kilometres (255,000 miles) – about the same size as the American state of Texas and twice the size of Japan.
Our landscapes vary from the majesty of the Rocky Mountains to the lush boreal forest that covers almost half the province, from fertile prairies to desert badlands. Alberta is also home to more than 600 lakes, 245 rivers and rich mineral resource deposits. You can learn about Alberta's natural heritage at more than 500 sites covering 27,525 square kilometres in Alberta parks that are protected for future generations.
Watch videos about Albertans from different cultural backgrounds talking about the province they call home.
Date Updated: Mon, 24 Feb 2014 08:48:39